- Ask simple geographical questions e.g. What is it like to live in this place?
- Use simple observational skills to study the geography of the school and its grounds.
- Use simple maps of the local area e.g. large scale, pictorial.
- Use locational and directional language to describe the location of feature and routes.
- Make simple maps and plans e.g. pictorial place in a story.
- Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.
- Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language e.g. near and far; left and right, to describe the location of features and routes on a map.
- Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.
- Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school, its ground and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.
- Use and interpret maps, globes, atlases and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and key features.
- Use four figure grid references.
- Use the 8 points of a compass.
- Make plans and maps using symbols and keys.
- Understand and use a widening range of geographical terms e.g. specific topic vocab - contour, height, valley, erosion, deposition, transportation, headland, volcanoes, earthquake etc.
- Measure straight line distances using the appropriate scale.
- Explore features on OS maps using 6 figure grid references.
- Draw accurate maps with more complex keys.
- Plan the steps and strategies for an enquiry - plan how to collect information, analyse it and choose appropriate ways to communicate what they have found.
- Understand and use a widening range of geographical terms e.g. climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle.
- Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.
- Use the eight points of a compass, four and six figure grid references, symbols and keys (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.
- Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.
- Understand and use a widening range of geographical terms e.g. urban, rural, land use, sustainability, tributary, trade links etc.
- Understand how some places are linked to other places - roads, trains etc.
- Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.
- Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom.
- Name, locate and identify characteristics of the seas surrounding the United Kingdom.
- Identify where countries are within the UK and the key topographical features.
- Name and locate the cities of the UK.
- Recognise the different shapes of continents.
- Demonstrate knowledge of features about places around them and beyond the UK.
- Identify where countries are within Europe; including Russia.
- Recognise that people have differing quality of life living in different locations and environments.
- Know how the locality is set within a wider geographical context.
- Identify and describe the significance of the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones including day and night.
- Recognise the different shapes of countries.
- Identify the physical characteristics and key topographical features of the countries within North America.
- Know about the wider context of places e.g. county, region and country.
- Know and describe where a variety of places are in relation to physical and human features.
- Know location of: capital cities of British Isles and UK, seas around UK, European Union countries with high populations and large areas as well as largest cities in each continent.
- Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities.
- Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night).
- Describe seasonal weather changes.
- Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
- Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features including: beach, cliff, coast, river, soil, valley, vegetation, seasonal and weather.
- Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key human features including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.
- Identify physical and human features of the locality.
- Explain about weather conditions/patterns around the UK and parts of Europe.
- Describe human features of UK regions, cities and countries.
- Understand the effect of landscape features on the development of a locality.
- Describe how people have been affected by change in the environment.
- Explain about key natural resources.
- Explore weather patterns around parts of the world.
- Understand how humans affect the environment over time.
- Know about changes to world environments over time.
- Understand why people seek to manage their environment.
- Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle.
- Describe and understand key aspects of geography including; types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, mineral and water.
- Name, describe and compare familiar places.
- Link their homes with other places in their local community.
- Know about some present changes that are happening in the local environment e.g. at school.
- Suggest ideas for improving the school environment.
- Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying of human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.
- Recognise there are similarities and differences between places.
- Develop an awareness of how places relate to each other.
- Know about wider context of places - region, country.
- Understand why there are similarities and differences between places.
- Compare the physical and human features of a region of the UK and a region in North America, identifying similarities and differences.
- Understand geographical similarities and difference through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country and a region within North or South America.