Design & Technology
- Talk about what they eat at home and begin to discuss what healthy foods are.
- Say where foods come from and give an example of what foods are grown.
- Use simple tools to help them prepare food safely.
- Understand the need for a variety of food in a diet.
- Understand that all food needs to be farmed, grown or caught.
- Use simple tools to help them prepare food safely.
- Talk about different food groups and name foods from each group.
- Understand that food has to be grown, farmed or caught in Europe and the wider world.
- Use a wider variety of ingredients and techniques to prepare and combine ingredients safely.
- Understand what makes a healthy and balanced diet and that different foods and drinks provide different substances the body needs to survive.
- Understand seasonality and the advantages of eating seasonal and locally sourced produce.
- Read and follow simple recipes which involve several processes, skills and techniques.
- Understand the main food groups and the different nutrients that are important for health.
- Understand how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed to make them safe and palatable to eat.
- Select appropriate ingredients and use a wide range of techniques to combine them.
- Confidently plan a series of healthy meals based on the principles of a healthy, varied diet.
- Use information on food labels to inform choices.
- Research, plan, prepare and cook a savoury dish, applying their knowledge of ingredients and their technical skills.
- Create simple designs for products.
- Use pictures and words to describe what they want to do.
- Select from a range of tools to cut, join and combine materials and components safely.
- Ask simple questions about existing products and those they have made.
- Build structures, exploring how they can be made stronger and more stable.
- Use wheels and axles in a product.
- Design purposeful, functional, appealing products for themselves and others based on design criteria.
- Generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through talking, drawing, templates, mock-ups and where appropriate ICT.
- Choose appropriate tools, equipment, techniques and materials from a wide range.
- Safely measure, mark and cut and shape materials using a range of tools.
- Evaluate and assess existing products and those that they have made using design criteria.
- Investigate different techniques for stiffening a variety of materials and explore different methods of enabling structures to remain stable.
- Explore and use mechanisms e.g. levers, sliders, wheels and axles in their products.
- Use knowledge of existing products to design their own functional product.
- Create designs using annotated sketches, cross-sectional diagrams and simple computer programmes.
- Safely measure, cut, assemble and join with some accuracy.
- Make suitable choices from a wider range of tools and unfamiliar materials and plan out the main stages of using them.
- Investigate and analyse existing products and those they have made, considering a wider range of factors.
- Strengthen frames using diagonal struts.
- Understand mechanical systems such as levers ad linkages or pneumatic systems create movement.
- Use knowledge of existing products to design a functional and appealing product for a particular purpose and audience.
- Create designs using exploded diagrams.
- Use techniques which require more accuracy to cut, shape, join and finish their work e.g. cutting internal shapes, slots in frameworks.
- Use their knowledge of techniques and the functional and aesthetic qualities of a wide range of materials to plan how to use them.
- Consider how existing products and their own finished products might be improved and how they meet the needs of their intended user.
- Apply techniques they have learnt to strengthen structures and explore their own ideas.
- Understand and use electrical systems in products.
- Use their research into existing products and their market research to inform the design of their products.
- Create prototypes to show their ideas.
- Make careful and precise measurements so that joins, holes and openings are in exactly the right place.
- Produce step by step plans to guide their making, demonstrating that they can apply their knowledge of different materials, tools and techniques.
- Make detailed evaluations about existing products and their own, considering the views of others to improve their work.
- Build more complex 3D structures and apply their knowledge of strengthening techniques to make them as strong as possible.
- Understand how to use more complex mechanical and electrical systems.
- Use research they have done into famous designers and inventors to inform the design of their innovative products.
- Generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer aided designs.
- Apply their knowledge of materials and techniques to refine and re-work their product to improve its functional properties and aesthetic qualities.
- Use technical knowledge and accurate skills to problem solve during the making process.
- Use their knowledge of famous designers to further explain the effectiveness of existing products they have seen and made.
- Use a wide range of methods to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce complex structures and can use them accurately and appropriately.
- Apply their understanding of computing to program, monitor and control their product.